Eager for your motion sensor to detect a trespasser? Though these devices are the linchpin of home security, they require an awful lot of tinkering before they’re ready to do their work. For instance, bugs or pets are common culprits of triggering false alarms and so sensitivity settings need to be adjusted accordingly. But can lights trigger a motion sensor, as well?
Let’s explore if lights are a source of false alarm for sensors and how we can remediate this issue.
Can Lights Trigger a Motion Sensor?
Lights can trigger a motion sensor causing it to raise a false alarm. Motion sensors pick heat signals or infrared radiations and trigger based on changes. Since lights release a good amount of energy as their state toggle, they can easily trigger a motion sensor.
However, it isn’t true for all motion sensors. Light bulbs can cause a passive sensor to trigger rather than an active sensor. If you’re not aware of the different types of sensors and which one you should pick, let’s talk about that next.
What are the Types of Motion Sensors?
Motion sensors are available in two major categories – active and passive sensors. The main difference between the two is how they detect and raise alarms. Where active sensors emit rays of energy to pick up movements, passive sensors receive radiation to trigger alarms.
Here’s a detailed discussion on both the categories:
Active sensors, as the name suggests, don’t wait for radiations or signals to be received by the sensor. They actively emit waves of different kinds to detect changes in behavior. Generally, these waves strike physical objects and return back to the sensor triggering an alarm.
Here’s a list of the most common kinds of active sensors available today:
- Microwave motion sensors
- Ultrasonic motion sensors
- Vibration motion sensors
- Reflective motion sensors
From this list, microwave sensors are perhaps the most commonly used. They emit microwave pulses and detect reflections from objects within the proximity of the sensor. Similarly, Ultrasonic and other sensors also emit some form of wave to trigger sensors.
Passive sensors function by detecting changes in temperature. They receive infrared radiation from objects close to the sensors and don’t emit any waves by themselves. Due to this receptive nature, they’re called passive or passive infrared sensors.
Most physical beings generate a good amount of infrared radiation for the sensor to pick. Apart from that, these sensors are also capable of reading movements. If there is rapid change in either of the two (temperature and movement), the alarm is triggered.
As you can imagine, this is precisely how lights trigger a motion sensor. Just before we dig deeper into how lights can trigger a motion sensor, let’s take a look at one last type of motion sensor.
Dual Technology Sensors
Though IR and microwave sensors are the best of the two categories, they have their shortcomings.
To overcome the issue of false triggers, there are several types of sensors that support both technologies. Since both sensor types co-exist, both of these sensors need to detect something in order for the alarm to trigger. Therefore, minimizing false alarms.
Why Does Light Trigger a Motion Sensor?
Light sources dissipate energy or infrared radiations which can be picked up by passive motion sensors. As a light bulb is turned on, there’s a rapid change in the heat intensity, causing the sensor to trigger. So, low wattage bulbs might not trigger a sensor at all, since the temperature change is not enough to get picked up by the sensor.
It all comes down to the power consumption and heat generation of the light source.
Older fluorescent lamps can get quite hot as they require a high wattage to function. They drain more power from the mains and the light’s intensity is just as high. It’d be wise to place such lights away from the motion sensor as they can be a common source of false triggers.
On the other hand, LED bulbs are way more energy efficient, offer the same amount of light, and generate less heat. They’re also cheaper than older incandescent bulbs. Due to less heat generation, they can be placed closer to the sensors without having to worry about false alarms.
Lastly, your light can also trigger a motion sensor if its sensitivity is set to low. This is where even the slightest movement or radiation can cause the alarm to trigger. If your sensor wasn’t installed by a professional and often false trigger, you might want to review its sensitivity.
How to Stop a Motion Sensor’s False Alarms?
False alarms can take a long time to debug if you’re unaware of the source of the trigger. It’s why you should keep a handy checklist to make sure you’re placing the sensors right. Here are a few tips to help stop a motion sensor’s false alarms:
Motion Sensors Placement
If you’re using a PIR motion sensor, the first tip would be to keep it at least 10 feet away from a heat source. Generally, sensors detect objects within this range. Since lights can trigger a motion sensor, it’d be better to keep them farther away from the sensor.
Make sure to place the sensor close to entry or exit points where an intruder is most likely to break into. If you’ve identified an unused door or common exit, try to mount the sensor at a corner to get the best coverage.
Lastly, make sure the height of the mount is 6-10 feet above the ground to get better detections. This can help avoid common false triggers caused by the likes of children, pets, or other harmless movements.
Using a Dual-technology Sensor
If a PIR sensor or microwave sensor is inconvenient and triggers frequently, a change in sensor type might be the way to go. Using a dual-tech sensor ensures your sensor has an extra layer of detections to go through before it triggers an alarm.
Take a light source.
If you use a dual-technology sensor, the PIR sensor might pick up the heat from the light. But there’s no movement from the light bulb. Since the distance of the bulb is constant, the microwave sensor will not detect an anomaly.
So the alarm won’t trigger because it requires both the sensors to simultaneously detect an anomaly before raising the alarm. These sensors are far more convenient for home security. However, even these sensors are not prone to false alarms – just imagine your pet running up to you – it will definitely trigger both the sensors.
This one’s rather obvious – a motion sensor shouldn’t be treated as a buy-and-leave equipment. It requires constant maintenance so the efficiency of the sensor can be maintained. Motion sensors are also vulnerable to insects or cobwebs which might form close to the sensor.
If there’s a spider close to the sensor or a different insect, it’s likely to trigger a PIR as well as a dual-tech sensor. However, timely maintenance can save you the trouble of debugging such useless triggers.
FAQs on Whether Lights Can Trigger a Motion Sensor
That’s not all for our piece on whether lights can trigger a motion sensor or not. We’ve dedicated a section to some of the best questions asked by our fellows concerned about home security. Let’s jump straight into answering these:
What triggers a motion sensor?
Heat, infrared radiations, and rapid movement are the most common triggers of a PIR motion sensor. If you use a microwave motion sensor, rapid movement of objects close to the sensor can cause it to trigger. Insects, pets, or sunlight might also cause a motion sensor to false trigger.
If you use a microwave sensor, any moving object can cause the motion sensor to go off. A still object might not cause a trigger as the sensor calculates variable distances and only fires if there is rapid movement.
You can also switch to a dual-technology sensor if your current sensor causes frequent false alarms.
How do you disrupt a motion sensor?
To disrupt a motion sensor, the lens of the sensor has to be darkened so no heat signals can be picked up. Identify the placement of the sensor and map out the field of view of the sensor. Once done, sneak up to a blind spot and cover the lens of the sensor with cardboard or paper to disrupt it.
However, darkening the lens of the sensor isn’t effective against all sensors. If the sensor is in high sensitivity mode, it might pick up movements from the blind spots as well. Try to stay as still as you can during your move to the camera to stop the sensor from triggering.
How can you tell if a motion sensor is bad?
To test a defective motion sensor, wire the fixture directly and see if you can bypass the sensor. Mind you, such electricity checks present a shock hazard and should only be taken care of under strict care. If the sensor lights when directly powered, it is faulty, otherwise, the fixture itself might need a replacement.
A motion sensor can also malfunction if the lens is defective, dirty, or malfunctions due to the electrical circuit. Using a voltage meter, verify if the fixture is receiving the required amount of power. If so, try cleaning the lens of the sensor. If none of these are causing the problem, the lens might need a replacement.
Why does my motion light keep going on and off?
A motion sensor light can flicker on and off if there’s an active source of IR radiation or the bulb is defective. Unless the connection between the bulb and the diode is faulty, try replacing the bulb. If that doesn’t help, make sure no active source of heat is close to the sensor.
Humans aren’t the only source of heat or IR radiations as we’ve discussed before. Smaller objects like pets, bulbs, or insects like spiders can also cause the motion light to trigger. Though, for it to flicker on and off, the source might constantly be in motion. Make sure you don’t ignore a threat by attributing the flicker to a wrong source.
What can set off a motion sensor light?
Moving objects or sources of heat can set off the motion sensor light as motion sensors also function using the passive infrared radiation technology. The most common triggers of an outdoors sensor light include cars, rustling leaves, sunlight, or humans.
If your sensor light is placed outdoors, you should try to place it such that it covers a choke point without causing false triggers. Maybe mount it inwards on the porch so it doesn’t detect moving cards out on the road. Otherwise, with a few tweaks, you can also make the sensor operate through a glass (placing it inside your home).
So, can lights trigger a motion sensor? Most definitely. We hope our article helped save a few hours of nonsensical debugging and you were able to resolve the issue quicker. Remember, it’d be much better if you properly plan your sensor’s placement and then install it so it doesn’t trigger on objects which aren’t worth an alarm.